Caparaóis located in the southeast of Brazil in the state of Minas Gerais. Minas Gerais, known for its beautiful colonial cities, boasts an incredible geographical diversity that mixes vast plains and mountains. It comprises the regions of not only Cerrado de Minas, Chapada and Sul de Minas but also Matas de Minas, which is more involved in the production of specialty coffees.
Of the 142 municipalities that make up the state of Matas de Minas, located in the heart of the Brazilian forest on the Atlantic side, 63 make specialty coffee. Its different landscapes follow on one after the other, a mix of hills, narrow valleys and ancient rock formations,reflecting the diversity of its soils.
Because the terroirs cannot be delimited by political borders, Caparaó extends to both Matas de Minas and Serra da Mantiqueira.
The region’s economy relies on the production of sugar cane, maize, beans and milk. But coffee is stillits main agricultural product, with plantations that cover 275,000 hectares in the northern part of the region.
Ten or so roads and two railways make transport relatively simple, including transport of coffee to the port of embarkation.
In Caparaó, the trend for sustainable production has strucka chord among producers. Its plantations are very often family-run, and 90% of them are medium in size (about 10 hectares). Only 3% of producers own farms covering more than 100 hectares.
Coffee production directly employs about 75,000 people, and indirectly employs 156,000. This makes it an atypical Brazilian region, and it is a pioneer in the production of specialty coffeesoffering very different cup profiles.
Washed | Sustainability | Bob-o-Link project | Sustainable polyculture