The Central Valley is Costa Rica’s historical production region. It is not only the most populated region but also the oldest coffee-producing region, with first plantations dating back to 1800.
Most of its coffees are grown in rich and fertile clay and volcanic type soils. These soils benefit from a good organic matter and texture thanks to the neighbouring volcanoes of Irazu, Barva and Poas, allowing farmers to produce coffees of a greater intensity and complexity.
The Central Valley's landscape is marked by three volcanoes and a gentle tectonic depression, grouping the provinces of San José, Heredia and Alajuela.