The Central Valley is Costa Rica’s historical production region. It is not only the most populated region but also the oldest coffee-producing region, with first plantations dating back to 1800.
Most of its coffees are grown under permanent and protective shade in rich and fertile clay and volcanic type soils. These soils benefit from a good organic matter and texture thanks to the neighbouring volcanoes of Irazu, Barva and Poas, allowing farmers to produce coffees of a greater intensity and complexity.
The Central Valley's landscape is marked by three volcanoes and a gentle tectonic depression, grouping the provinces of San José, Heredia and Alajuela.