The Cuzco region, located south of Peru,has numerous coffee plantations of various sizes. The country ranks 8th worldwide in terms of coffee production and exports 90% of its production, most is certified organic. Coffee production is a key industry for the country and the main source of revenue for some 160,000 families. 80% of its farms, called "cafetales", are small properties covering less than 2 hectares.
Since the 1990s, the country's small producers have been operating as cooperatives and joined the fair- trade movement. Its fertile and widely forested land is ideal for coffee farming. Small Peruvian producers de-pulp their cherries themselvesusing exclusively wet processing methods, leaving only the parchment skin. They then dry the coffee before reselling their parchments to "pergaminos", who hull the coffee and create lots.