Known for its sweet, round coffees, the Mogiana region is one of Brazil's oldest production areas and the main coffee producing region in Sao Paulo. Mogiana is named after the Companhia Mogiana de Estradas de Ferro railway company, founded in 1872, which crossed the mountainous region at a time when communities and farmers depended on this mode of transport. Some 2,000 kilometres were built up until 1971,and small villages grew alongside the railway.
The Alta Mogiana terroir is located to the northeast of the train line, between the state of Sao Paulo and some Minas Geraismunicipalities. Its landscapes are typical of the coffee regions of Brazil, and it is here that photographs of large plateaus covered with seas of coffee trees and machines operating during harvests are usually taken. There are 450,000 hectares in total, 60,000 hectares of which are devoted exclusively to coffee production. Since 2017, Alta Mogiana has been recognised as a Protected Geographical Indication (PGI) producing fruity coffees with chocolatey notes and a caramelised sweetness, a well-balanced acidity and a persistent aftertaste.
Process | Protected Geographical Indication | Alta Mogiana | Round | Acetic Acidity