The Anfilloo terroir is located in western Ethiopia, near the border with Sudan. It is composed of ancient coffee forests supported by agricultural practices specific to the area that produce a well-known Nekemte coffee. According to oral and family tradition, coffee has been cultivated for several centuries in this forest. The elders say that before being sold to the outside world the coffee crops were used for domestic purposes. The coffee trees were planted in the vicinity of Waba by farmers who consumed the coffee with family and friends, and it is how the Anfilloo forest came about.
The coffee forest developedin 3main stages.
First in the 19th century, because although not colonised by a European power, foreign traders found products in Ethiopia that piqued their interest. Anfilloo coffee began being sold to outsiders by Greek and Armenian traders, guided until then by English settlers in Gambella, the main neighbouring city. The farmers worked the surrounding hills to develop this profitable production, starting with the village of Waba, then Yeti, where the oldest plants are found. The Anfilloo forest grew from this, which is why Anfilloo farmers often say their coffee originates from Waba.
Later, another wave of demand emerged, driven by the Italians present in Ethiopia in the 1930s. EmperorHaile Selassiebegan organising coffee purchasesmore efficiently, in particular by centralising them in Addis Ababa.
Finally, in the 1980s, under the dictatorship of the Derg and after the notorious great famines, international aid was provided to restore the environment. This made it possible to increase the coffee forest further.
Anfilloo owes its reputation to this unique history, in addition to its agricultural practices based onthe manual farming of small plotsand the specific qualities of the coffee produced.
The coffee we propose here is collected by the Torban cooperative, located in the heart of the Anfilloo coffee forest at an altitude of more than 1,800 metres. It is a forest made up of a wide variety of species, some of which are rare in the country. The "omi" trees (Prunus africana) can grow to up to 40 metres high and have evergreen leaves that provide shade for "wadessa" (Cordia abyssinica), which stand about 20 metres high and are particularly well suited to coffee plantations. By employing practices that respect this biodiversity, the farmers have ensured its survival.
Torban is a union that groups together 23 primary cooperatives. It is managed by representatives elected every 3 years form among member farmers. It is currently headed by IndaleWolde, who works with his partner GadisaTarfa in their offices in Mugi. Torban supplies a selection of fully-washed coffees from the Nekemte appellation, produced by plots no larger than a few hectares in size. Our teams, who have worked with the cooperative for 10 years, particularly appreciate the aromatic qualities of this forest coffee and the agricultural practices used in its terroir, which we hope will continue.
Bird Friendly | Mountainous Terroir | Forest coffee | Organic Coffee | Peasant agriculture